The primary treatment for type 1 diabetes will be insulin injection. The insulin injections could range from 1-7 times a day with a combination of short and long-acting insulin. This is important because if insulin is not available for energy consumption the body will burn fats. When a fat breakdown occurs, the result is ketone production. If ketones are present in the body; clients are at risk for diabetic ketoacidosis.
Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA) is a life-threatening condition that occurs when not enough insulin is present. The three main symptoms are:
The ketone production will create an acidotic state in the body. Dehydration will be caused by excessive urination, clients may lose up to 6 liters a day. Hyperglycemia is caused due to a lack of insulin.
Other signs of DKA: fruity breath, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, hyperventilation.
Treatment for DKA will be IV fluid + electrolytes and Regular Insulin IV. The Insulin will reverse both the acidosis and hyperglycemia.